All About English Springer Spaniels

About This Breed

The English Springer Spaniel originated in the 17th century and was used for flushing out and retrieving pheasants. They are still used today as pheasant hunting dogs.

Physical Characteristics

English Springer Spaniels are medium sized dogs with a sturdy build. The head is medium in size with shorter muzzle than other spaniels. The folded ears are feathered and hang long.

COLOR(S)

The English Springer Spaniel is most commonly seen in white and black; white and liver; liver, blue, or black. It is common to see freckles on the muzzle and legs.

COAT

The coat of the English Springer Spaniel can be flat or wavy and is medium in length. They have the distinctive spaniel feathers on the belly, chest, ears, and legs.

Personality and Temperament

ACTIVITY LEVEL

High

POSITIVES

English Springer Spaniels are great family dogs. They love to play, and are great with kids and other animals. This breed loves to learn new things and are very alert to their surroundings.

THINGS TO CONSIDER

The English Springer Spaniel needs a lot of exercise and needs to be groomed regularly. This breed has been known to be food aggressive and generally does not like to share their toys with other dogs in the house.

Care

IDEAL LIVING CONDITIONS

The English Springer Spaniel would do best in the city or country.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

English Springer Spaniels need to be groomed and have the ears cleaned on a regular basis to prevent ear infections.

Health

The following conditions are commonly seen in English Springer Spaniels:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Ear Infections

History and Background

According to historical records, the first of the Springer Spaniels were land spaniels that evolved in the latter part of the 14th century. However, the properly-bred ones started developing in the 17th century, when the Duke of Norfolk started breeding them and named them Norfolk Spaniels. Its name was then converted to Springer Spaniel in the 18th century, and in 1902 it was recognized as a distinct breed by the English Kennel Club.

The large-sized Springer and small-sized Cocker Spaniel belonged to the same breed of dogs. After the Springer was recognized as a separate breed, they gained huge popularity. Apart from being a favorite amongst hunters, the English Springer Spaniel is acclaimed for its show dog abilities, as well as its potential as an ideal family pet.